Program Learning Outcomes:Doctor of Business Administration

 

Overview

The Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) program at Lincoln University is an advanced academic degree program preparing students for teaching and research positions within universities and/or the pursuit of careers in management or consulting at senior levels. The purpose of the program is to educate students in the concepts and techniques needed to understand a range of business disciplines and to conduct research on issues arising in professional business practice.

The program objectives are: 1) provide students with the opportunity to learn the latest academic theories, concepts, techniques and applications with emphasis on teaching, research, practice in the field of concentration, and consulting, 2) extend the knowledge, expertise and skill of students through the application of research to business problems and issues by including internships, teaching experiences, and special study projects as a part of the curriculum, 3) develop the student’s ability to carry out independent research at an advanced level, and enhance their ability to deliver their ideas, research methodology and findings by means of formal presentations with critiques of their analytical, written, oral and media presentation skills in business, professional, and educational environments, 4) create opportunities for Lincoln University’s bachelor’s and master’s degree students to continue their business education by undertaking the doctoral degree course of study.

 

DBA Program Learning Outcomes and Assessment

Doctor of Business Administration Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs) are program wide objectives that are set by Lincoln University faculty. Each PLO contributes to the achievement of one or several ILOs.

 

PLO DBA1: Demonstrate advanced knowledge and competence in the latest academic theories, concepts, and techniques in the field of business administration.

 

Score of 4: Clearly identifies and summarizes latest academic theories and successfully explains why/how they are applicable to the business problems or questions. Clearly and accurately labels not only all the factual, conceptual, and value, but also those implicit in the assumptions and the implications of positions and arguments.

Score of 3: Able to identify latest academic theories but fails to successfully explain why/how they are applicable to the business problems or questions. Successfully separates and labels all the factual, conceptual, and value claims, but lacks solid theoretical perspective.

Score of 2: Able to identify latest academic theories but fails to apply them.

Score of 1: Unable to identify and apply academic theories

 

PLO DBA2: Demonstrate effective research skills including formulation of research problem; integration of previous publications into an appropriate literature review; design of a research study; data analysis; ability to summarize and present the results.

 

Score of 4: Able to identify, collect, summarize and use in an argument information based on classical and modern academic theories and work of other researchers. Able to plan, design, and execute a research study including applying appropriate methodology and data analysis.

 

Score of 3: Able to identify, collect, summarize and use in an argument information based on classical and modern academic theories and work of other researchers. Able to plan, design, and execute a research study including applying appropriate methodology or data analysis.

Score of 2: Able to identify, collect, summarize and use in an argument information based on classical and modern academic theories and work of other researchers. Able to plan, design, and execute a research study including applying appropriate methodology and data analysis.

Score of 1: Unable to understand, design or conduct research.

 

PLO DBA3: Create and present advanced forms of oral and written communications, including teaching and advising.

 

Score of 4: Consistently does all or almost all of the following: Accurately interprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Thoughtfully analyzes and evaluates major alternative points of view. Draws warranted, judicious, non-fallacious conclusions. Justifies key results and procedures, explains assumptions and reasons. Fair-mindedly follows where evidence and reasons lead.

Score of 3: Does most or many of the following: Accurately interprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Identifies relevant arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Offers analyses and evaluations of obvious alternative points of view. Draws warranted, non-fallacious conclusions. Justifies some results or procedures, explains reasons. Fair-mindedly follows where evidence and reasons lead.

Score of 2: Does most or many of the following: Misinterprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Fails to identify strong, relevant counter-arguments. Ignores or superficially evaluates obvious alternative points of view. Draws unwarranted or fallacious conclusions. Justifies few results or procedures, seldom explains reasons. Regardless of the evidence or reasons, maintains or defends views based on self-interest or preconceptions.

Score of 1: Consistently does all or almost all of the following: Offers biased interpretations of evidence, statements, graphics, questions, information, or the points of view of others. Fails to identify or hastily dismisses strong, relevant counter-arguments. Ignores or superficially evaluates obvious alternative points of view. Argues using fallacious or irrelevant reasons, and unwarranted claims. Does not justify results or procedures, nor explain reasons. Regardless of the evidence or reasons, maintains or defends views based on self-interest or preconceptions.

 

PLO DBA4: Generate, evaluate, and assess the ethical obligations and responsibilities of business for the purpose of responsible management.

 

Score of 4: Understands and recognizes the concept of intellectual property, can defend him/herself if challenged, and can properly incorporate the ideas/published works of others into their own work building upon them. Able to articulate the value of information to a free and democratic society, and can use specific criteria to discern objectivity/fact from bias/propaganda.

Score of 3: Gives credit for works used by quoting and listing references. Student is an ethical consumer and producer of information, and understands how free access to information, and free expression, contribute to a democratic society.

Score of 2: Student is an ethical consumer and producer of information, and understands how free access to information, and free expression, contribute to a democratic society, but fails to provide appropriate references to the work of others.

Score of 1: Unclear regarding proper citation format, and/or copies and paraphrases the information and ideas of others without giving credit to authors. Student does not know how to distinguish between information that is objective and biased, and does not know the role that free access to information plays in a democratic society.

 

PLO DBA5: Apply the knowledge from the area of specialization and provide consulting to other business industries or other fields.

 

Score of 4: Student is aware and able to  analyze search results, and evaluate the appropriateness of the variety of multiple relevant sources of information that directly fulfill an information need for the particular discipline, different from his/her own.

Score of 3: Executes an appropriate search strategy within a reasonable amount of time. Can solve problems by finding a variety of relevant information resources, and can evaluate search effectiveness; however, struggles with application of this information to different fields.

Score of 2: Executes an appropriate search strategy within a reasonable amount of time, but is unable to solve problems by finding a variety of relevant information resources. Struggles with application of this information to different fields.

Student is unfocused and unclear about search strategy. Time is not used effectively and efficiently. Information gathered lacks relevance, quality, and balance.