Program Learning Outcomes: Bachelor of Science in Diagnostic Imaging

 

Overview

The Lincoln University studies in Diagnostic Imaging (DI) with concentrations in Sonography and Echocardiography are dedicated to provide high-quality education and training that leads to employment as a competent, ethical health care professional, and results in the Bachelor of Science Degree. The programs emphasize the necessity of professional development and life-long learning. They include academic activities and externships that enable graduates to develop a knowledge base for the use of diagnostic ultrasound imaging and echocardiography equipment for testing of the human body. They also provide students with the knowledge of clinical skills, problem-solving abilities and interpersonal skills.

Sonography and Echocardiography technology are rapidly expanding allied health fields where the needs for professionals continue. Graduates have opportunities for employment in: hospitals, clinics, physician’s offices, mobile services, research; and also as managers/owners of private DI offices; and marketers or administrators of sales and product development for equipment manufacturers.

 

BS in Diagnostic Imaging Program Learning Outcomes and Assessment

BS in Diagnostic Imaging Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs) are program wide objectives that are set by Lincoln University faculty. Each PLO contributes to the achievement of one or several ILOs.

 

BS Diagnostic Imaging Courses Learning Outcomes and Assessment

PLO BS1: Develop and demonstrate knowledge in principles of ultrasound technology, medical terminology, physiology, sonography, and echocardiography.

 

Score of 4: Clearly identifies and summarizes the main principles of diagnostic imaging and UT, and successfully explains why/how the principles are used in diagnostics. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of human gross and sectional anatomy relative to normal and abnormal sonographic imaging.

Score of 3: Successfully identifies and summarizes the main principles of diagnostic imaging and UT, and successfully explains why/how the principles are used in diagnostics, but fails to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of human gross and sectional anatomy.

Score of 2: Successfully identifies the main principles, but fails to summarize or explain them clearly or sufficiently.

Score of 1: Fails to identify or summarize the main principles.

 

PLO BS2: Demonstrate ability of accurate patient positioning techniques and use of imaging technology.

 

Score of 4: Able to make proper landmarks, measurements and any abnormalities are imaged of the liver, pancreas and gallbladder. Proper labeling of each image with respect to the scanning plane and organ. Proper machine settings are done regarding overall gain, depth, TGC, focal zone and proper transducer placement and selection.

Score of 3: Able to make proper landmarks, measurements and any abnormalities are imaged of the liver, pancreas and gallbladder, but struggles with proper labeling of each image with respect to the scanning plane and organ.

Score of 2: Makes proper landmarks, measurements and any abnormalities of some but no all of the organs.

Score of 1: Unable to make proper landmarks, measurements and any abnormalities are imaged of the liver, pancreas and gallbladder.

 

PLO BS3: Adapt imaging procedures based on patient’s needs and clinical limitations.

 

Score of 4: Appropriately positions patient for the sonography study. Uses appropriate UT head. Uses warm gel when possible, assists patient onto bed, keeps patient covered as much as possible, explains exam to patient and introduces self to the patient.

Score of 3: Successfully positions the patient, and uses appropriate UT head, but fails to explain the exam or introduce self to the patient.

Score of 2: Successfully positions the patient but straggles to use the appropriate UT head.

Score of 1: Unable to successfully position the patient.

 

PLO BS4: Practice effective oral and written communication skills in the clinical setting.

 

Score of 4: Consistently does all or almost all of the following: Accurately interprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Thoughtfully analyzes and evaluates major alternative points of view. Draws warranted, judicious, non-fallacious conclusions. Justifies key results and procedures, explains assumptions and reasons. Fair-mindedly follows where evidence and reasons lead.

Score of 3: Does most or many of the following: Accurately interprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Identifies relevant arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Offers analyses and evaluations of obvious alternative points of view. Draws warranted, non-fallacious conclusions. Justifies some results or procedures, explains reasons. Fair-mindedly follows where evidence and reasons lead.

Score of 2: Does most or many of the following: Misinterprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Fails to identify strong, relevant counter-arguments. Ignores or superficially evaluates obvious alternative points of view. Draws unwarranted or fallacious conclusions. Justifies few results or procedures, seldom explains reasons. Regardless of the evidence or reasons, maintains or defends views based on self-interest or preconceptions.

Score of 1: Consistently does all or almost all of the following: Offers biased interpretations of evidence, statements, graphics, questions, information, or the points of view of others. Fails to identify or hastily dismisses strong, relevant counter-arguments. Ignores or superficially evaluates obvious alternative points of view. Argues using fallacious or irrelevant reasons, and unwarranted claims. Does not justify results or procedures, nor explain reasons. Regardless of the evidence or reasons, maintains or defends views based on self-interest or preconceptions.

 

 

 

BS General Education Courses Learning Outcomes

PLO BS1: Demonstrate proficiency in college-level mathematics, English, natural sciences, and social sciences.

 

Score of 4: Clearly identifies and summarizes the main principles of college-level mathematics, science, humanities and social sciences. For mathematics, this included arithmetic, algebra, and statistics. For English, this includes writing, reading, speaking, and critical thinking. Demonstrate proficiency in college-level biology, chemistry, and physics.

Score of 3: Successfully identifies and summarizes the main principles of college-level mathematics, science, humanities and social sciences. However, for mathematics, lacks experience in application. For English, lacks critical thinking or fails to demonstrate proficiency in college-level biology, chemistry, and physics.

Score of 2: Successfully identifies the main principles, but fails to summarize or explain them clearly or sufficiently.

Score of 1: Fails to identify or summarize the main principles.

 

PLO BS2: Being able to interpret and apply arithmetical, algebraic, and statistical methods to solve problems.

 

Score of 4: Able to represent mathematical information symbolically, using formulas. Able to translate words into mathematical expressions. Demonstrates ability to use geometric methods to solve problems.

Score of 3: Able to represent mathematical information symbolically, using formulas. Able to translate words into mathematical expressions, but not able to use geometric methods to solve problems.

Score of 2: Able to represent mathematical information symbolically, using formulas, but unable to translate words into mathematical expressions.

Score of 1: Fails to represent mathematical information symbolically, using formulas

 

PLO BS3: Communicate effectively in diagnostic field by applying Standard American English. Be able to use appropriate terminology accepted in DI field.

 

Score of 4: Consistently does all or almost all of the following: Accurately interprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Thoughtfully analyzes and evaluates major alternative points of view. Demonstrates proficiency in knowledge and application of terminology accepted in the DI field.

Score of 3: Accurately interprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Identifies relevant arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Offers analyses and evaluations of obvious alternative points of view. However, fails to demonstrate proficiency in knowledge and application of terminology accepted in the DI field.

Score of 2: Does most or many of the following: Misinterprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Fails to identify strong, relevant counter-arguments. Ignores or superficially evaluates obvious alternative points of view. Draws unwarranted or fallacious conclusions. Justifies few results or procedures, seldom explains reasons. Regardless of the evidence or reasons, maintains or defends views based on self-interest or preconceptions. Fails to demonstrate proficiency in knowledge and application of terminology accepted in the DI field.

Score of 1: Consistently does all or almost all of the following: Offers biased interpretations of evidence, statements, graphics, questions, information, or the points of view of others. Fails to identify or hastily dismisses strong, relevant counter-arguments. Ignores or superficially evaluates obvious alternative points of view. Argues using fallacious or irrelevant reasons, and unwarranted claims. Does not justify results or procedures, nor explain reasons. Regardless of the evidence or reasons, maintains or defends views based on self-interest or preconceptions. Fails to demonstrate proficiency in knowledge and application of terminology accepted in the DI field.

 

PLO BS4: Think critically and apply common sense in approaching and solving DI and real-world problems.

 

Score of 4: Appropriately integrates and applies basic scientific, DI, and analytical concepts to make well-informed decisions. Demonstrates comprehension of an argument, and illustrates it with examples.

Score of 3: Appropriately integrates and applies basic analytical concepts to understand an argument and to make well-informed decisions, but fails to demonstrate comprehension of the argument or to illustrate it with examples.

Score of 2: Successfully understands the problem, but fails to make well-informed decisions.

Score of 1: Unable to use analytical skills to understand the problem and to make well-informed decisions.  

 

PLO BS5: Demonstrate proficiency in skills that sustain lifelong learning, particularly to think critically and responsibly. Be able to evaluate and integrate DI information.

 

Score of 4: Consistently accurately interprets evidence, and questions; identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Thoughtfully analyzes and evaluates major alternative points of view. Demonstrates ability to apply these principles to solve DI-related problems.

Score of 3: Consistently accurately interprets evidence, and questions; identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con. Thoughtfully analyzes and evaluates major alternative points of view, but fails to demonstrate ability to apply these principles to DI-related problems.

Score of 2: Consistently accurately interprets evidence, and questions; identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con, but fails to identify and evaluate major alternative points of view.

Score of 1: Consistently fails to interpret evidence, and questions; identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con.

 

PLO BS6: Understand the responsibilities of active citizenship, community engagement, and social responsibility.

 

Score of 4: Identifies and accurately describes complex ethical dilemmas from life situations and theoretical scenarios. Understands legal principles, and principles of good citizenship, and able to collect and evaluate different ethical perspectives.

Score of 3: Able to identify and accurately describe ethical dilemmas, and principles of good citizenship but is unable to recognize legal principles or evaluate different ethical perspectives.

Score of 2: Successfully understands the ethical problem, but fails to make well-informed decisions.

Score of 1: Unable to use analytical skills to understand ethical problems.

 

PLO BS7: Develop basic understanding of bioethics’ standards acceptable in the field of diagnostic imaging.

 

Score of 4: Understands and recognizes the basic and advanced concepts of bio-ethics, can defend him/herself if challenged. Able to articulate the value of information and to apply the information to make informative decision related to patient care.

Score of 3: Understands and recognizes the basic and advanced concepts of bio-ethics, can defend him/herself if challenged, but unable to articulate the value of information and to apply the information to make informative decision related to patient care.

Score of 2: Understands and recognizes the basic and advanced concepts of bio-ethics, but can’t defend him/herself if challenged.

Score of 1: Unable to understand and recognize the basic and advanced concepts of bio-ethics.